COBIT

In recent years, senior executives have realized the importance of information technology in the success of organizations. They are aware that they need to be aware of how to manage information technology in the organization. In order to meet the objectives such as communicating with the requirements of the organization, using a specific model, identifying key sources, defining management control objectives and a framework called COBIT was created, the main features of which can be focused on business, the core process , Based on control and measurable.

Reasons that encourage top executives and decision makers to adopt COBIT include:

  • Managers need to monitor the organization's resources
  • By controlling IT resources, the total cost of providing its services is reduced
  • COBIT will reduce managers' fears and uncertainties that business goals will not be met
  • Establish and establish improved communication between managers, users and auditors by using COBIT
  • Align IT goals with business goals and vice versa
  • Define maps, tasks and responsibilities clearly and explicitly based on a process-oriented approach
  • Increases the quality of IT services
  • Measuring IT efficiency
  • Improve project presentation

The "Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies" (COBIT) is a set of information technology management approaches developed by the Systems Control and Audit Association (ISACA) and the Information Technology Governance Organization (ITGI) in 1996. COBIT provides managers, auditors, and IT users with a set of acceptable metrics, criteria, processes, and practices to help them increase the benefits of using IT and to develop IT control and governance. This framework enables managers, auditors, and users to better understand their IT systems, identify the level of control and security required by their organization, and achieve this by developing an IT management model.

Areas and processes of COBIT:
The general COBIT model uses a set of IT processes. These processes are divided into 4 areas, which are:

  • Planning and organizing
  • Acquisition and implementation
  • Service and support
  • Monitoring and evaluation

Benefits of implementing COBIT in the organization:

  • Help understand the dangers of information technology;
  • Ensuring the integrity of information systems
  • Compliance with other standards and regulations;
  • Providing a flexible environment in information technology organizations;
  • Establish a clear link between IT regulatory requirements, processes, and control of IT services.

The need to implement and apply COBIT in IT-based organizations:

  • Growing complexity of business environments;
  • Increasing dependence on information and information systems;
  • Increase in a wide range of threats such as computer threats and information warfare;
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure for IT environments;
  • Communication gaps between IT managers and business unit managers;
  • Increase in foreign IT service providers;
  • Out of control IT costs;
  • Increase the ratio of return on investment to productivity in information technology investments;
  • Lack of flexibility and agility of organizations in the face of change;
  • Increased user dissatisfaction.

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